Using ahadmin to read/write IIS configuration – Part 2

 Continuing my ahadmin drill down, lets see how to use available interfaces to work with section groups, section definitions, locations and metadata. IAppHostConfigFile interface Working with section groups, section definitions and locations require you to get an instance IAppHostConfigFile which is obtained using IAppHostConfigManager.GetConfigFile(). Following code gets IAppHostConfigFile instances for machine.config, root web.config, applicationHost.config and prints file path of each.

var ahwrite = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.ApplicationHost.WritableAdminManager"); 

// Get ConfigManager using IAppHostAdminManager.ConfigManager get property
var configManager = ahwrite.ConfigManager;

// Get IAppHostConfigFile objects for machine.config, root web.config
// and applicationHost.config

var machineConfig = configManager.GetConfigFile("MACHINE");
var rootWebConfig = configManager.GetConfigFile("MACHINE/WEBROOT");
var appHostConfig = configManager.GetConfigFile("MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST"); 

// Use FilePath get property to print paths
WScript.Echo(machineConfig.FilePath);
WScript.Echo(machineConfig.FilePath);
WScript.Echo(machineConfig.FilePath); 

I get the following output on my machine.

 \\?\C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\machine.config\\?\C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\config\web.config\\?\C:\Windows\system32\inetsrv\config\applicationHost.config

Working with section groups and definitions 

You can use AhAdmin to get an instance of IAppHostSectionGroup corresponding to a section group defined in a config file. A section group can further contain multiple sections or section groups. IAppHostSectionGroup.Sections gives collection of sections defined in a section group and IAppHostSectionGroup.Count and IAppHostSectionGroup.Item() can be used to get count and sub section groups in a section group. Following code prints all the sections and section groups declared in machine.config. 

// Get IAppHostSectionGroup for root section group corresponding
// to <configSections>…</configSections>
var rootSectionGroup = machineConfig.RootSectionGroup;
PrintSectionGroup(rootSectionGroup, 0); 

function PrintSectionGroup(rootSectionGroup, level)
{
    var sectionGroupName = rootSectionGroup.Name;
    var sectionGroupType = rootSectionGroup.Type;

    PrintWithIndent("START – sectionGroup name=" + sectionGroupName +
        " type=" + sectionGroupType, level);

    for(var i = 0; i < rootSectionGroup.Count; i++)
    {
        // Call PrintSectionGroup for all the section
        // groups defined under this section group
        PrintSectionGroup(rootSectionGroup.Item(i), level + 1);
    }

    // Now print all the sections in this sectionGroup
    var sections = rootSectionGroup.Sections;
    if(sections != null)
    {
        for(var i = 0; i < sections.Count; i++)
        {
            var sectionName = sections.Item(i).Name;
            var sectionType = sections.Item(i).Type;
            var omDefault = sections.Item(i).OverrideModeDefault;
            var allowDefinition = sections.Item(i).AllowDefinition;
            var allowLocation = sections.Item(i).AllowLocation;

            PrintWithIndent(
                "section name=" + sectionName + " type=" + sectionType +
                    " overrideModeDefault=" + omDefault + " allowDefinition=" +
                    allowDefinition + " allowLocation=" + allowLocation,
                level + 1);
        }
    }
    
    PrintWithIndent("END", level);
}

function PrintWithIndent(str, indent)
{
    var prefix = "";
    
for(var i = 0; i < indent; i++)
    {
        prefix += "-";
    }

    
WScript.Echo(prefix + str);
}

Code above will print all the section groups and sections defined in a config file. Due to a bug in Vista RTM, type information for sections is always returned blank. This has been fixed for LH server. Item method both in IAppHostSectionGroup and IAppHostSectionDefinitionCollection takes either index or name of section group or section. Also both these interface provides methods to add/delete section group or sections under a section group. Lets write a simple script to define a new section group named system.myServer in applicationHost.config and add a section for MyAuthenticationModule.

var rootSectionGroup = appHostConfig.RootSectionGroup;
var newSectionGroup = rootSectionGroup.AddSectionGroup("system.myServer");

// Set the type if required using newSectionGroup.Type = ""; 
// Create a new section definition under the new section group
var newSection = newSectionGroup.Sections.AddSection("MyAuthenticationModule");

// Set newSection properties
newSection.OverrideModeDefault = "Allow";
newSection.AllowDefinition          = "MachineToApplication";
newSection.AllowLocation           = "true";

// Set type if required using newSection.Type; 
ahwrite.CommitChanges(); 

This writes the following under <configSections> in applicationHost.config. 

<sectionGroup name="system.myServer">
    <section name="MyAuthenticationModule" overrideModeDefault="Allow" allowDefinition="MachineToApplication" allowLocation="true" />
</sectionGroup>

Code to delete this added section and section group looks like following.

// You can use index or name of sectionGroup and section
rootSectionGroup.Item("system.myServer").Sections.DeleteSection("MyAuthenticationModule");
rootSectionGroup.DeleteSectionGroup("system.myServer");

Working with location tags

I have following contents in my "Default Web Site" root web.config. Code samples below play with this web.config. Make sure you have httpErrors section unlocked in applicationHost.config before trying these samples. 

<configuration>
    <system.webServer>
        <httpErrorserrorMode="Custom" />
    </system.webServer>
     <locationpath="iisstart.htm">
        <system.webServer>
            <httpErrorserrorMode="Detailed" />
        </system.webServer>
    </location>
 </configuration>

Program to set system.webServer/httpErrors errorMode to "Detailed" for test subfolder will look like following.

// Very first thing you should do is set the CommitPath.
// Setting CommitPath after getting IAppHostConfigFile won’t work

var filePath            = "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site"; 
ahwrite.CommitPath = filePath;

// Get IAppHostConfigFile object corresponding to this config
// file and print web.config file path.

var siteConfig = configManager.GetConfigFile(filePath);
WScript.Echo(siteConfig.FilePath);

var locations = siteConfig.Locations;
WScript.Echo("Location count = " + locations.Count);

for
(var i = 0; i < locations.Count; i++)
{
    WScript.Echo(i + ". Path=" + locations.Item(i).Path);
} 


Above code will print location count = 2. One location path will be "" and other "iisstart.htm". Location with path blank contains all sections outside any <location> tag in web.config. So how can we write code to add the following to web.config?

<locationpath="test">
    <system.webServer>
        <httpErrorserrorMode="Detailed" />
    </system.webServer>
</location>

There are many ways to do this. One way is to use IAppHostAdminManager.GetAdminSection or IAppHostConfigFile.GetAdminSection for MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site/test config path, set the property value and commit (CommitPath is already set to "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site"). Other option is to add the location tag with path "test", add section system.webServer/httpErrors using IAppHostConfigLocation.AddConfigSection, set the property value and commit to Default Web Site commit path. Following code shows both these ways. 

// using IAppHostConfigFile.GetAdminSection.
// Using IAppHostAdminManager.GetAdminSection gives same results
var testHttpErrorsSection =

    siteConfig.GetAdminSection(
        "system.webServer/httpErrors",

          "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST/Default Web Site/test");
testHttpErrorsSection.Properties.Item("errorMode").Value = "Detailed"; 

// using IAppHostConfigLocation.AddConfigSection

var httpErrorsSection =
   siteConfig.Locations.AddLocation(

        "test").AddConfigSection("system.webServer/httpErrors");
httpErrorsSection.Properties.Item("errorMode").Value = "Detailed"; 

// Commit changes using IAppHostWritableAdminManager.CommitChanges
ahwrite.CommitChanges;

Metadata 

IAppHostAdminManager metadata available 

Metadata-Name Type R/W     
pathMapper IAppHostPathMapper R/W 
changeHandler IAppHostChangeHandler R/W
ignoreInvalidAttributes Bool R/W
ignoreInvalidRanges Bool R/W   
ignoreInvalidDecryption Bool R/W
expandEnvironmentStrings Bool R/W
availableSections String R
mappingExtension IAppHostMappingExtension R

 IAppHostElement metadata available 

Metadata-Name Type R/W     
overrideMode String R/W  
effectiveOverrideMode String R    
deepestPathSet String R    
deepestFileNameSet String R    
deepestFileLineNumberSet uint32 R    
configSource String R/W  
isPresent Bool R          
lockItem Bool R/W
lockAllElementsExcept String R/W  
lockElements String R/W  
lockAllAttributesExcept String R/W  
lockAttributes String R/W 
isLocked Bool R

 IAppHostProperty metadata available 

Metadata-Name Type R/W  
encryptionProvider String R/W    
isPropertyEncrypted Bool R      
isDefaultValue Bool R      
isInheritedFromDefault Bool R     
isLocked Bool R

 

Not all metadata properties are available everywhere and not all are persisted to disk as well. These work if they make sense. Following samples illustrates how to get/set metadata attached to various IAppHost objects.

// Get comma separated list available sections
WScript.Echo(ahwrite.GetMetadata("availableSections"));

// Get expandEnvironmentStrings and set to true.
// Change is not persisted to disk.
WScript.Echo(ahwrite.GetMetadata("expandEnvironmentStrings");
ahwrite.SetMetadata("expandEnvironmentStrings", true); 

// Lock a collection item under system.webServer/modules
var modulesSection =
    ahwrite.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/modules", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");
modulesSection.Collection.Item(0).SetMetadata("lockItem", false);
ahwrite.CommitChanges(); 

// Get IAppHostMappingExtension interface and use it to get site element
var mappingExtension = ahwrite.GetMetadata("mappingExtension");
var defaultSiteElement = mappingExtension.GetSiteElementFromSiteId(1);
WScript.Echo(defaultSiteElement.GetElementByName(
                       "bindings").Collection.Item(0).GetPropertyByName("bindingInformation").Value);

// Check if the effective value is defaultValue for
// doDynamicCompression property
var urlCompSection = ahwrite.GetAdminSection("system.webServer/urlCompression", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");
WScript.Echo(urlCompSection.GetPropertyByName("doDynamicCompression").GetMetadata("isDefaultValue")); 

// Get encryption provider for apppool password
var apppoolsSection = ahwrite.GetAdminSection("system.applicationHost/applicationPools", "MACHINE/WEBROOT/APPHOST");
var apProcessModel = apppoolsSection.Collection.Item(2).GetElementByName("processModel");
WScript.Echo(apProcessModel.GetPropertyByName("password").GetMetadata("encryptionProvider"));

Together with my earlier post, you should be able to do about anything using ahadmin.

Good luck.
Kanwal

2 thoughts on “Using ahadmin to read/write IIS configuration – Part 2

  1. Hi Thanks for the post,
    when i was i trying to add a new section, using the code you worte above, Java script is throwing "cannot create a file when that file already exists. Code:800700B7
    Any ideas?
    Thanks

  2. Pls check if section definition is already there. If its not there, pls paste your code and section definitions in your applicationHost.config so that I can try it out.

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